Present Continuous


Subject + to be (Present Simple) + Gerund + Object


For most verbs we add -ing to the infinitive to make the gerund

  • We use the Present Continuous to talk about what is happening now:


Whatever is happening at the moment of speaking can be talked about in the  present continuous . This may have started before the moment of speaking  and may well continue after the moment of speaking.

The present continuous is the tense of NOW


Why are you talking to him now?

The ship is leaving the harbour

I am thinking about it, I cannot decide now

NOTE: As  the present continuous uses to be as an auxiliary verb it is possible  to use contractions in both positive and negative forms.

Contractions are common in spoken English but formal and written English it is recommended to use full structures.


Apart from the spelling exceptions below verbs in the gerund form are regular

There are some differences in spelling between UK and American English

Spelling notes

Related topics

Further uses of the Present Continuous here

Future uses of the Present Continuous here

Differences between Present Simple and Present Continuous here

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