Present Perfect Continuous

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Form


The Present Perfect Continuous is formed by using the auxiliary verb Have in the present simple followed by BEEN and the action in the gerund form. 


Subject + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + Gerund + Object


Subject + HAVE NOT/HAS NOT + BEEN + Gerund + Object

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Function


We use the Present Perfect Continuous to talk about:


  • one ongoing action

The Present Perfect Continuous can be used to talk about a single activity that began in the past and continues in the present:

  • recent past activities

The Present Perfect Continuous can be used to talk about an activity completed in the recent past.  

  • repeated ongoing events

The Present Perfect Continuous can be used to talk about repeated activities which started at a specific time in the past and continue in the present.

  • duration of activity with How long...?

The Present Perfect Continuous is often used in questions and answers about the duration of an activity.

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