Conditionals are often referred to as "IF" clauses. We use existing tense structures to form a pair of clauses which represent Consequence and Action, or Cause and Effect.
IF + ACTION , CONSEQUENCE
The clauses can be inverted so instead of I A, C we can use conditional structures as C I A (Consequence If Action).
NOTE: The comma is vital to separate the clauses. If we invert the structure the "If" separates the action and consequence