top of page


 Can / Could / Dare / Have to / May / Might / Must / Need (to) / Ought to / Shall / Should / Use(d) to / Will / Would

 Modal Verbs Home

Review Modal verbs by function here

Future (formal or emphatic)




Predictions and intentions



Future (formal or emphatic)

Shall is often considered a formal or more emphatic alternative to will when we talk about the future, but most commonly when asking questions, making suggestions or asking for advice

Shall I prepare the table for you?

Shall I leave you alone?

What shall I do with the left overs?

We use shall rather than will to make predictions or talk about future intentions in more formal contexts 

I shall always remember our wedding day

More information on will or shall is available here

Commands (formal)

Shall can be used in formal contexts to give commands/instructions, like public notices:

Gates shall be closed two minutes before trains depart

bottom of page