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Shall

 Can / Could / Dare / Have to / May / Might / Must / Need (to) / Ought to / Shall / Should / Use(d) to / Will / Would

 Modal Verbs Home

Review Modal verbs by function here

Future (formal or emphatic)

Questions

Suggestions

Advice

Predictions and intentions


Commands

Function

Future (formal or emphatic)

Shall is often considered a formal or more emphatic alternative to will when we talk about the future, but most commonly when asking questions, making suggestions or asking for advice


Shall I prepare the table for you?


Shall I leave you alone?


What shall I do with the left overs?


We use shall rather than will to make predictions or talk about future intentions in more formal contexts 


I shall always remember our wedding day


More information on will or shall is available here


Commands (formal)

Shall can be used in formal contexts to give commands/instructions, like public notices:


Gates shall be closed two minutes before trains depart

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