Present Perfect

Present Perfect Grammar Guide

Form

Subject + have/has + past participle + object

The Present Perfect uses the verb to have in the present as an auxiliary verb, followed by the past participle form.

have not (haven't)/has not (hasn't) + participle

?

have/has + subject + participle....?

have/has + participle

+

-

Function

The Present Perfect is often referred to as a bridge between the past and the present. The following functions are the most fundamental to present perfect use:

We use the Present Perfect to:

  • talk about EXPERIENCES in our lives. This does not need reference to time.

We do not give a reference to time in this use but we often use this structure with expressions of general time

  • talk about events or experiences that either continue in the present or have an impact on the present

  • talk about events or experiences that have recently been completed.

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